What is Robotic Process Automation?

Robotic Process Automation(RPA) is a kind of automation where a bot performs human’s task in completing rules based jobs.

Robotic Process Automation refers to a style of automation where a machine, or computer, mimics a human’s action in completing rules-based tasks.

In traditional workflow automation tools, a software developer produces a list of actions to automate a task and interface to the back-end system using internal application programming interfaces (APIs) or dedicated scripting language. In contrast, RPA systems develop the action list by watching the user perform that task in the application’s graphical user interface (GUI), and then perform the automation by repeating those tasks directly in the GUI, also called as Surface Automation. This can lower the barrier to use of automation in products that might not otherwise feature APIs for this purpose.

RPA tools have strong technical similarities to graphical user interface testing tools. These tools also automate interactions with the GUI, and often do so by repeating a set of demonstration actions performed by a user. 

Any company that uses labor on a large scale for general knowledge process work, where people are performing high-volume, highly transactional process functions, will boost their capabilities and save money and time with robotic process automation software.

Just as industrial robots are remaking the manufacturing industry by creating higher production rates and improved quality, RPA “robots” are revolutionizing the way we think about and administer business processes, IT support processes, workflow processes, remote infrastructure, and back-office work. RPA provides dramatic improvements in accuracy and cycle time and increased productivity in transaction processing while it elevates the nature of work by removing people from dull, repetitive tasks.

Answering the million-dollar question: “What is it?”

Put simply, RPA software is a digital ape.

RPA software has often been referred to as “macros on steroids.” It records actions a human takes to complete a computer-based task, and then replicates those actions as many times as necessary and at a very rapid rate.

But, here comes the performance-enhancing part:

It can navigate different digital landscapes: RPA software adjusts itself to handle changing environments, movement in icons or buttons, differences in screen sizes, and a host of other variants.

It’s built for complexity: This type of automation software isn’t designed to complete “tasks;” it’s designed to complete processes—including complex ones that would require thousands of lines of script to automate.

It’s meant to be used at an enterprise level: RPA software is best used when it’s deployed throughout an enterprise and enabling multiple departments to focus on value-added work— not just on a single computer running a single macro.

It’s non-invasive: Instead of messing with custom programming or direct integration coding, RPA software integrates on the front-end for easy setup and smooth passage of data between systems.

It’s quick to implement and quick to scale: Users can be up and running, automating tasks in literally minutes with RPA software, and the ease-of-use lends itself to proliferative use throughout an organization by both business and IT users.

It plays nice with other systems: Users should be able to create automated tasks that utilize all of their line of business systems without a single hiccup. We’re talking 1998 legacy systems, ERP, cloud applications, Microsoft, their Spotify, everything.

It includes features that foster “fast work”: RPA software should at a minimum include features you need to create and run tasks quickly and effectively. Among these features should be wizards, drag-and-drop commands, a clean, friendly user interface, and integrations with everyday-use systems like Excel, SAP, Citrix, etc.

You might be interested in the following courses:

Course Category

  • UiPath Automation Coding Standards

    by Ajay Kumar Konda

    Coding standards are a collection of rules, guidelines, and best practices. Coding standards are important for safety, security, and reliability. In this course, we learn the most important and UiPath recommended coding standards. Starting from naming conventions to maintaining your code in the code repository, we cover all the best practices.

  • Automation Anywhere Bot Development Best Practices

    by Ajay Kumar Konda

    This is an advanced guide to best practices that need to be followed in developing bots using Automation Anywhere. This course provides an introduction to common bot design guidelines and standards. Avoiding common mistakes and including these processes and considerations in your bot design standards, creates bots that are clean, easier to read, test, maintain, and are stable. Most of […]

  • All You Need To Know About Robotic Process Automation

    by Ajay Kumar Konda

    Robotic Process Automation(RPA) is a kind of automation where a bot performs human’s task in completing rules based jobs. Robotic Process Automation refers to a style of automation where a machine, or computer, mimics a human’s action in completing rules-based tasks. In traditional workflow automation tools, a software developer produces a list of actions to automate a task and interface to […]

Back to: All You Need To Know About Robotic Process Automation > Introduction